Glossary – Teachings of Great Sages and Gurus of India

  • Aaroodha

    Self-Realized, One who abides in the Self
  • Abhirama

    One of the names of Lord Rama. It means, "one who revels in the mind".
  • Abhyasa

  • Advaita

    Advaita (Sanskrit: not-two, "no second") defines the Almighty as "One".  It refers to the idea that the true Self, Atman, is the same as the highest Reality, Brahman. Followers seek liberation/salvation by acquiring vidhya (knowledge) of the identity of Atman and Brahman. It emphasizes the Jivanmukhta, the idea that moksha (freedom, liberation) is achievable in this life.

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  • Ahamkara

    "I am the doer" sense; doership; Ego.
  • Ahimsa

    Non-injury. Principle of non-violence towards everyone including animals. Ahimsa's precept of 'cause no injury' includes one's deeds, words, and thoughts.
  • Ajnani

    A Soul who is ignorant of his Real Blissful Self. One who does not know and abide in the Real Self.
  • Ananda

    Happiness; Bliss.
  • Anandamaya

    Blissful; Filled with Happiness.
  • Annamalai

    It is the name for Arunachala in Tamil.
  • Annamaya

    Made up of food; composed of food.
  • Anthara

    Inner; inward
  • Ardhanareeswara

    ~~~ Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati in the form of half man and half woman united as one Being. [caption id="attachment_3776" align="aligncenter" width="300"]Ardhanareeswara-form-of-shiva-parvati Ardhanareeswara-form-of-shiva-parvati[/caption]
  • Arjuna

    ~~~ Arjuna was the 3rd of the Pandava brothers. He was a brave, triumphant warrior. He is considered as the protagonist of the Mahabharata with Krishna and plays a key role in the Bhagavad Geeta. [caption id="attachment_3803" align="aligncenter" width="390"]Arjuna Arjuna[/caption]
  • Arul

    Tamil word "Arul" means Grace of God or Guru.
  • Arunachala

    Arunachala (Aruṇācala, "red mountain") refers to the holy hill at Tiruvannamalai  in Tamil Nadu, India. The hill is also known by the names ArunagiriAnnamalai HillArunachalamArunaiSonagiri and Sonachalam. It is one of the five main shaivite holy places in South India. The Annamalaiyar Temple, a temple of Lord Shiva is located at the base of the hill.  Every year in the Tamil month of Karthigai (October–November), the Karthigai Deepam (Light) is lit atop the hill. It is also an important place for devotees of Sri Ramana Maharshi with Sri Ramana Asramam situated at its foothills.
  • Arunachala Ashrama

    ~~~ Arunachala Ashrama is located in New York, USA. It is dedicated to the Life and Teachings of Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharshi. Arunachala Ashrama, New York
  • Ashram

    ~~~ Traditionally, an ashram is a spiritual hermitage, a monastery, a monastic community, or a place of religious retreat for Hindus.
  • Ashramas

    The four Ashramas are orders or stages of life. They are Brahmacharya (Youth/Bachelor - dedicated towards education and development of strong values), Grihastha (Householders - maintaining a good, happy family and being a good example for children and society), Vanaprastha (Retirement - having completed one's duties, taking to contemplation, guidance and peaceful activities), and Sannyasa (Renunciation - giving up attachment to worldly, material desires to achieve oneness of the soul with the supreme being).

  • Asuras

  • Athirai

    Athirai is the day on which the moon is in conjunction with the constellation Ardra.
  • Atma Bhava

    Seeing God in every one.
  • Atman

    Ātman is a Sanskrit word that means inner self or soul.  In Hindu philosophy, especially in the Vedanta school of Hinduism, Ātman is the first principle, the true self of an individual beyond identification with phenomena, the essence of an individual. In order to attain liberation, a human being must acquire self-knowledge (atma jnana) which is to realize that one's true self (Ātman) is identical with the transcendent self Brahman.

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  • Avidya

    ~~~ Ignorance. Not Knowing one's true Self.

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